The Wiener Kamera-Club (Vienna Camera Club), Austrian 1891 -

The Wiener Kamera-Club (Vienna Camera Club), Austrian 1891 -

The Wiener Kamera-Club had a major influence on Pictorialist Photography and the organisations that the Pictorialists formed. Vienna had, and still has, a long history of science and art, that created the cultural setting for the furthering of art in photography. The city clearly embraced art photography, the Vienna International Exhibition 1891 not only included photographic submission, but also limited inclusion solely to artistic photography: technical and scientific photography were refused. This was supported by the fine art community who selected the six hundred fine art photographs. It was that same year that the Kamera-Club was formed.

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The Linked Ring, British 1892 - 1909

The Linked Ring, British 1892 - 1909

The Linked Ring, or as it was often referred to, the Linked Ring Brotherhood, was founded at a formative time in the history of photography, by a full character of a man, Henry Peach Robinson, who proved to be a major influence on photography and, by the way, coined the term ‘Pictorialist’. At time of formation in May 1892 he was the Vice President of the Photographic Society (now the Royal Photographic Society) and at the heart of the debate and the tensions between the two main flows of photography at the time: on one side there was the sceintific and engineering drive towards capturing the perfect representation of the world, and on the other, on Robinson’s side, was the desire to establish photography as a form of fine art in its own right.

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